The Amsterdam artist Jan Groenestein (Amsterdam, 1919 – Amsterdam 1971), was a pupil of H. Campendonk. In all kinds of architecturally bound art, for him the animal – and especially the horse – was a favourite motif. Jan Groenestein is counted among the realists group. This group, which also included Lex Horn, was formed by artists who had received their training at the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under professor Heinrich Campendonk. After the Second World War, the fame of these artists increased, but they soon came under the shadow of the internationally successful Cobra movement. As a result, many of them, including Groenestein, fell into oblivion.
In the field of monumental wall art, Groenestein excelled in sgraffito technology. Later, he would come up with a variant of this technique: the sgraffito intarsia. Instead of the usual technique in the sgraffito of applying different layers of coloured mortar on top of each other and scratching away what was not desired as a colour, he placed different layers of coloured mortar next to each other on a white background. He would then scratch off the coloured layer in those places where the white background should be visible in the design.
Groenestein's most famous sgraffiti are the twelve depictions of animals that he made on the outer walls of the Artis Zoo, commissioned by the City of Amsterdam. He also made sgraffiti at the Agricultural University in Wageningen and the Ministry of Agriculture in The Hague. He also created ceiling paintings and murals, stained-glass windows, glass and brick mosaics and Gobelins for churches, schools and factories.
In addition to his monumental work, Groenestein has left a rich oeuvre consisting of paintings, drawings, graphic work and small sculptures in which animals, horses in particular, have been chosen as subjects. His work can be found in the collections of the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, various municipalities and private individuals throughout the Netherlands. The ICN manages eighteen works of art by him, including paintings, works on paper and a lead sculpture.
- Jan Groenestein (1919-1971)
- Titre de l'œuvre d'art
- Amsterdam - de Magere brug verlicht bij avond
- Huile sur toile
- Signé à la main
- Bon état
- Dimensions totales
- 80×60×3 cm