Oil on canvas, depicting Pope Pius VII, signed Pietro Labruzzi (Rome 1739 - 1805).
Oil on canvas by Pietro Labruzzi active in the second half of the 18th century between Italy and the Kingdom of Poland, where he had the honour of serving the last monarch, Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski.
This magnificent work, of historical importance, depicts Pope Pius VII.
Pope Pius VII. - Gregorio Luigi Barnaba Chiaramonti (Cesena 1742 - Rome 1823).
Elected pope (1800), he restored the influence of the Church in France with the Concordat (1801) and promoted various reforms in his state.
He crowned (1804) Emperor Napoleon, who after decreeing the end of the temporal rule of the popes (1809) had him arrested.
After the Restoration (1814) he reformed the papal administration (1816), establishing a centralized government (with the exclusion of secularists from government offices and functions) and promoting agreements with several states.
He took the habit of St. Benedict and made his vows in the convent of St. Mary in 1758; he then passed into the convent of Santa Giustina in Padua and in the collegio di S. Anselmo in Rome to complete his theological studies.
Bishop of Tivoli (1782), Cardinal and Bishop of Imola (1785), author (Christmas 1796) of a homily in which he supported, in many respects, the possibility to reconcile the Gospel with democracy, he was elected pope in Venice (1800); a few months later he entered Rome.
Assisted by Cardinal C. Consalvi, whom he appointed Secretary of State, he restored the influence of the Church in France with a Concordat (1801-02) while (1801-02) tried to improve the conditions of his state with an intense activity of reforms (freedom of trade; division of the land).
Napoleon, with organic laws, halted the attempts at a Catholic restoration, and P. VII, while accepting to crown him emperor in Paris (1804), failed to obtain the revocation of those laws.
Having placed the pontifical state within a circle of pro-French political formations (occupation of Ancona in 1805; Napoleonic principalities in Naples, Benevento, Pontecorvo in 1806), imposed by the resignation of Consalvi (1806), Napoleon decreed the end of the temporal dominion of the popes (1809) and had the pontiff arrested.
Led to France, he was forced to sign the Fontainebleau Agreement, which he later publicly denied.
Set free (1814) and restored in his temporal dominion by the Congress of Vienna, he called Consalvi back to power: with the help of this he gave new grounds to the pontifical administration (motuproprio of 1816), establishing a centralized government with the principle of exclusion of lay people from governmental offices and functions, and had the Church regain its position in many states with a series of concordats (Bavaria, Naples, etc.; with France, the concordat was signed but not enforced).
To avoid losing his authority in the republics of South America, born of the rebellion against Spain, he asked the king of Spain to renounce the privilege of royal patronage and sent (1823) an apostolic vicar to Chile. P. VII collected a library of over 5000 volumes, mostly gifts, which stood out above all for the copious number of highly valuable bindings.
Preserved in the monastery of S. Maria del Monte near Cesena, which was part of the personal patrimony of the Pope, after various vicissitudes the collection, known as Piana, passed to the Biblioteca Malatestiana, first in storage and then, after the purchase in the 1942 by the Italian State, as an integral part of it.
99 x 73 cm without frame.
117 x 92 cm with frame.
- Pietro Labruzzi
- Titre de l'œuvre d'art
- Papa Pio VII
- XVIII secolo
- Huile sur toile
- Signé à la main
- Dans l'ensemble en bon état
- Vente avec cadre