Roman Empire - Nero (54-68 A.D.), orichalcum sestertius (25,94 g., 35 mm.), minted in Lugdunum, 66 A.D. ADLOCVT COH.
One of the rarer Nero sestertii.
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT MAX TR POT P P, laureate head of Nero left, globe at point of bust.
S – C, Nero standing left on low platform, togate, with praetorian prefect at his side, raising right hand in address to three German guardsmen, of whom the two in front carry standards; in the background, the tiled roof and a column of the camp Praetorium (headquarters); ADLOCVT COH in exergue.
Ref: RIC 491; BMC 304.
Extremely rare and undoubtedly a very nice surviving specimen. Good portrait and complete legends. Beautifully executed and detailed reverse scene, with an irregular red-purple original patina. The coin is completely original and not smoothed or repatinated!
The soldiers depicted in this rare "Adlocutio" ("addressing the troops") sestertius of Nero are probably not from the Praetorian Guard, as is often claimed. One of the soldiers is heavily bearded and all are shown without armor, wearing only tunics, cloaks and swords slung at their hips. The standards they carry are quite different from those depicted on Roman coins and sculpture, which bear a multitude of discs, banners and other emblems; these rather spindly standards have several hemispherical and one disc-shaped adornment each. These features indicate the troops Nero addresses are members of the Germani Corpori Custodes, the elite German Bodyguard that served the Julio-Claudian dynasty. German bodyguards were first employed by Julius Caesar and by the end of Augustus's reign they numbered between 500 and 1,000 men. They were briefly disbanded after the battle of the Teutoburg Forrest, but were reconstituted by Tiberius and were the last force to remain loyal to Nero when his regime collapsed in AD 68.
Please see the photos for a better impression.
- Empire romain
- Année / Période et Variation
- - Nero (54-68 A.D.). Lugdunum, 66 A.D. ADLOCVT COH.
- Métaux précieux
- Pièce de monnaie